STS 8020 : Dynamique sociohistorique des sciences et des technologies

Cours donné par Yves Gingras à l’hiver 2018 à l’UQAM

Description : Le cours vise à comprendre le développement historique des disciplines et la construction des savoirs scientifiques. Son contenu porte sur les thèmes suivants: l’analyse des modes de formation des connaissances scientifiques et technologiques depuis la révolution scientifique, les relations entre les cadres institutionnels et les connaissances scientifiques et technologiques ainsi que l’analyse sociohistorique des transformations des disciplines et des champs de connaissances.

Cours 1 : Qu’est-ce qu’une discipline scientifique ?

1- Michel Leclerc, «La notion de discipline scientifique et ses enjeux sociaux», Politique, no. 15, 1989, pp. 23-51. E-copie.

2- Martin Guntau et Hubert Latkau, «On the origins and Nature of Scientific Disciplines», in W.R. Woodward and R.S. Cohen, World Views and Scientific Discipline Formation, Dordrecht, 1991, pp. 17-28. E-copie.

Cours 2 : L’origine de la recherche universitaire

3- Roy Porter, «The Scientific Revolution and the Universities», in A History of the University in Europe, vol. II, H.. de Ridder-Symoens (ed.), Cambridge Univ. Press, 1996, pp. 531-564.

4- Steven Turner, «The Growth of Professional Research in Prussia, 1818-848 — Causes and Context», Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences, vol. 3, 1971, pp. 137-182. E-copie.

Cours 3 : L’évaluation par les pairs

5 -Robert K. Merton, Harriet Zuckerman, «Instititionalized Patterns of Evaluation in Science», in Robert K. Merton, The Sociology of Science, Chicago University Press, 1973, pp. 460-496.

6- Margaret F. Stieg, Origins and Development of Scholarly Historical Periodicals, Alabama, University of Alabama Press, 1986, chapitre 3, pp. 39-8.

7- Mario Biagioli, «From Book Censorship to Academic Peer Review», Emergences, vol. 12, no 1 (2002), pp. 11-45. E-copie.

Cours 4 : Les disciplines des sciences sociales

8- Doris S. Goldstein, «The Professionalization of History in Britain in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries», Storia della Storiografia, no 3, 1982, pp. 3-26. 

9- Reba Soffer, «Why Do disciplines fail? The strange case of British Sociology», English Historical Review, vol. 97, no 385 (1982), pp. 767-802. E-copie.

Cours 5 : L’émergence des disciplines

10- Karl Hufbauer, «Social Support for Chemistry in germany during the 18th Century : How and Why Did It changed?», Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences, vol. 3, 1971, pp.205-231.

11- J. B. Morrell, «The Chemists Breeders : The Reserch Schools of Liebig and Thomas ThomsonAmbix, vol. 19, March 1972, pp. 1-49.  E-copie.

12- Jack Morrell, «W. H. Perkin, Jr., at Manchester and Oxford: From Irwell to Isis» Osiris, vol. 8, 1993pp.104-126. E-copie.

Cours 6 : L’institutionnalisation de la physique – avec la participation de Thierry Martin

13- Russell Moseley, «Tadpoles and Frogs. Some aspects of the Professionalization of British Physcis»,  Social Studies of Science, vol. 7, no 4 (Nov., 1977), pp. 423-446. E-copie.

14- R.W. Home and Masao Watanabe, «Physics in Australia and Japan to 1914 : A Comparison», Annals of Science, vol. 44, 1987, pp. 215-235. E-copie.

15- R.W. Home and Masao Watanabe, «Forming New Physics Communities : Australia and Japan, 1914-1950», Annals of Science, vol. 47, 1990, pp. 317-345. E-copie.

Cours 7 : La thèse de la finalisation de la recherche

16- Gernot Böhme, Wolfgang Van Den Daele, and Wolfgang Krohn, «Finalization in science», Social Science Information, vol. 15, nos 2-3 (1976) pp. 307-330. E-copie.

17- Frank R. Pfetsch, «The ‘Finalization’ Debate in Germany: Some Comments and Explanations», Social Studies of Science, vol. 9, no 1 (1979) pp. 115-124. E-copie.

18- William Leeming, «Revisiting Finalization», Social Science Information, vol. 36, no 3 (1997) pp. 387-410.

Cours 8 : Les nouveaux modes de production du savoir

19- Etzkowitz, H. and Leydesdorff, L., «The dynamics of innovation: from national systems and ‘Mode 2’ to a triple helix of university-industry-government relations», Research Policy, vol. 29 (2000) pp. 109-123. E-copie.

20- Weingart, Peter, «From Finalization to Mode 2: Old Wine in New Bottles?», Social Science Information, vol. 36, no 4 (1997) pp. 591–613. E-copie.

Cours 9 : Les relations entre les disciplines

21- Paul Jeffrey , «Smoothing the Waters : Observations on the Process of Cross-Disciplinary Research Collaboration»,  Social Studies of Science,  vol. 33, no 4 (2003) pp. 539-562. E-copie.

22- Larivière, Vincent et Yves Gingras. «On the relationship between interdisciplinarity and scientific impact».  Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, vol. 61, no 1 (January 2010) pp.126-131. E-copie.

Cours 10 : Un capitalisme académique?

23- Sheila Slaughter and Larry L. Leslie, Academic Capitalism, Politics, Policies and the Entrepreneurial University, Johns Hopkins Univerrsity Press, 1997, Chapter 1, pp. 1-22.

24- Amy Scott Metcalfe, «Revisiting Academic Capitalism in Canada : No Longer the Exception», The Journal of Higher Education, vol. 81, no 4 (July/August 2010) pp. 489-514. E-copie.

25- Mike Almeida, «Comment se rendre utile : Les centres de recherche universitaires en sciences sociales au Canada», Scientia Canadensis, vol. 30, no 2 (2007) pp. 97-122. E-copie

Cours 11 : Les relations université-industries

26- Etzkowitz, H., «Research groups as ‘quasi-firms’: the invention of the entrepreneurial university», Research Policy, vol. 32 no 1 (2003) pp.  109–121. E-copie.

27- David B. Resnick, «Financial Interests and the Norms of Science», in Hans Radder (dir.), The Commodification of Academic Research, Pittsburgh University Press, 2010, pp. 65-89. E-copie.

28- Markus Perkmann and Kathryn Walsh, «The two faces of collaboration: impacts of university-industry relations on public research», Industrial and Corporate Change, vol. 18, no 6 (2009) pp. 1033–1065. E-copie.

Cours 12 : La globalisation de la recherche

29- Carlos Alberto Tores et Robert A. Rhoades, «Globalization in Higher Education in the Americas», in The University, State and Market. The Political Economy of Globalization in the Americas, edited by Robert A. Rhoads and Carlos Alberto Torres, Stanford University Press, 2006, pp. 3-38. E-copie.

30- Gary Rhoades et Sheila Slaughter, «Academic Capitalaism and the New Economy : Privatization as Shifting the Target of Public Subsidy in Higher Education», in The University, State and Market. The Political Economy of Globalization in the Americas, edited by Robert A. Rhoads and Carlos Alberto Torres, Stanford University Press, 2006, pp. 103-140. E-copie.